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CHLORAMPHENICOL

C11H12Cl2N2O5

Chemical name

2,2-dichloro-N-[1,3-dihydroxy-1-(4-nitrophenyl)propan-2-yl]acetamide

CAS Register Number:

56-75-7

Molecular mass:

323.1320 g/mol

Scope note:

An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. 

Standard:

BP/USP